An abscessed tooth is a painful infection at the root of a tooth or between the gum and a tooth. It’s most frequently caused by severe tooth decay. Other causes of tooth abscess are trauma to the tooth, such as when it is broken or chipped, and gingivitis or gum disease.
These problems can cause openings in the tooth enamel, which enables bacteria to infect the center of the tooth (called the pulp). The infection may also spread out from the root of the tooth to the bones supporting the tooth.
What Are the Symptoms of an Abscessed Tooth?
A toothache that is severe and constant and results in gnawing or throbbing pain or sharp or shooting pain prevail symptoms of an abscessed tooth. Other symptoms might include:
- Pain when chewing.
- Sensitivity of the teeth to hot or cold.
- Bitter taste in the mouth.
- Nasty smell to the breath.
- Swollen neck glands.
- General discomfort, anxiety, or ill feeling.
- Soreness and swelling of the gums.
- Swollen area of the upper or lower jaw.
- An open, draining sore on the side of the gum.
If the pulp in the root of the tooth dies as a result of infection, the tooth pain may stop. Nevertheless, this does not indicate the infection has recovered; the infection stays active and continues to spread and ruin tissue. Therefore, if you experience any of the above noted symptoms, it is important to see a dental professional even if the pain subsides.
How Is an Abscessed Tooth Diagnosed?
Your dentist will penetrate your teeth with a dental instrument. If you have an abscessed tooth, you will feel pain when the tooth is tapped by your dental expert’s probe. Your dental expert will also ask you if your pain increases when you bite down or when you close your mouth securely. In addition, your dental professional may presume an abscessed tooth because your gums might be swollen and red.
Your dental professional may likewise take X-rays to look for erosion of the bone around the abscess.
How Is an Abscessed Tooth Treated?
Strategies to remove the infection, maintain the tooth, and prevent complications are the objectives of treatment for an abscessed tooth.
To get rid of infection, the abscess may have to be drained. Accomplishing drainage might be done through the tooth by a procedure known as root canal therapy. Root surgery may likewise be suggested to get rid of any diseased root tissue after the infection has actually diminished. Then, a crown might be placed over the tooth.
The tooth may likewise be drawn out, permitting drainage from the socket.
Lastly, a 3rd way to drain pipes the abscess would be by incision into the swollen gum tissue.
Antibiotics are prescribed to assist fight the infection. To relieve the pain and discomfort connected with an abscessed tooth, warm salt-water rinses and over the counter pain medication like ibuprofen (such as Advil or Motrin) can be used.
The inflammation and pain of abscesses might be alleviated with a low-level laser, making the patient more comfortable to receive the injection in a more painless way.
Can an Abscessed Tooth Be Prevented?
Following great oral health practices can reduce the risk of developing a tooth abscess. Likewise, if your teeth experience injury (for instance, become loosened or chipped), seek timely dental attention.