How To Know If You Have Anemia

Pomegranate juice is also indicated for anemia

Anemia is a condition where the tissues and organs in your body are deprived of essential oxygen since your red blood cell count is too low, or your red blood cells RBC’s are not working effectively.

Different types of anemia

There are more than 400 various recognized types of anemia, and they fall under 3 basic categories: nutritional, early gotten, or genetic. Although anemia symptoms are essentially the same, the treatment varies depending upon the type:

  • Iron deficiency anemia: it is the commonest anemia of all the types. Iron is needed for hemoglobin formation.
  • Pernicious anemia or megaloblastic anemia: due to vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Aplastic anemia: due to some factor the body stops making RBC’s.
  • Hemolytic anemia: anemia due to excessive blood destruction. As it happens in genetics spherocytosis, genetics hemoglobinopathies.
  • Anemia of unpredictable origin: this group consists of anemia related to chronic infection, uremia, rheumatoid arthritis, liver disease and extensive malignant disease.
  • Anemia due to shortage of vitamin C as it happens in scurvy.
  • Anemia due to shortage of thyroxine.
Pomegranate juice is also indicated for anemia
Pomegranate juice is also indicated for anemia

What are symptoms for anemia?

Anemia signs and symptoms vary depending upon the cause of your anemia. They may include:

  • Fatigue.
  • Weakness.
  • Pale or yellow-colored skin.
  • Irregular heartbeats.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness.
  • Chest pain.
  • Cold hands and feet.
  • Headache.

In the beginning anemia can be so mild that it goes undetected. But symptoms get worse as anemia worsens.

When to see a doctor

Make a consultation with your doctor if you’re feeling tired out for inexplicable factors. Some anemias, such as iron shortage anemia or vitamin B-12 shortage, are common.

Information verified by the team.

Fatigue has lots of causes besides anemia, so do not presume that if you’re tired you should be anemic. Some people discover that their hemoglobin is low, which indicates anemia, when they go to contribute blood. If you’re told that you can’t donate blood because of low hemoglobin, make a visit with your doctor.

What are causes of anemia?

Anemia happens when your blood doesn’t have adequate RBC’s. This can take place if:

  • Your body doesn’t make adequate RBC’s.
  • Bleeding causes you to lose  RBC’s quicker than they can be replaced.
  • Your body destroys RBC’s.

What red blood cells do

blood in vessels

Your body makes 3 types of blood cells– white blood cells to fight infection, platelets to assist your blood clot and RBC’s to bring oxygen throughout your body.

RBC’s contain hemoglobin– an iron-rich protein that provides blood its red color. Hemoglobin allows red blood cells to bring oxygen from your lungs to all parts of your body and to bring carbon dioxide from other parts of the body to your lungs so that it can be exhaled.

A lot of blood cells, including RBC’s, are produced frequently in your bone marrow– a spongy product found within the cavities of many of your large bones. To produce hemoglobin and RBC’s, your body requires iron, vitamin B-12, folate and other nutrients from the foods you eat.

Causes of different types of anemia

Various types of anemia and their causes include:

  • Iron deficiency anemia. This is the most common type of anemia worldwide. Iron deficiency anemia is caused by a shortage of iron in your body. Your bone marrow needs iron to make hemoglobin. Without adequate iron, your body can’t produce adequate hemoglobin for RBC’s.
  • Without iron supplements, this type of anemia happens in lots of pregnant women. It is likewise caused by blood loss, such as from heavy menstrual bleeding, an ulcer, cancer and routine use of some over the counter pain relievers, specifically aspirin.
  • Vitamin shortage anemia. In addition to iron, your body needs folate and vitamin B-12 to produce sufficient healthy RBC’s. A diet doing not have in these and other essential nutrients can cause reduced red blood cell production.
  • Furthermore, some individuals may take in adequate B-12, however their bodies aren’t able to process the vitamin. This can result in vitamin shortage anemia, also called pernicious anemia.
  • Anemia of chronic disease. Particular diseases– such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, Crohn’s disease and other chronic inflammatory illness– can interfere with the production of RBC’s.
  • Aplastic anemia. This unusual, dangerous anemia occurs when your body doesn’t produce sufficient red blood cells. Causes of aplastic anemia include infections, particular medications, autoimmune diseases and exposure to harmful chemicals.
  • Anemias associated with bone marrow disease. A variety of illness, such as leukemia and myelofibrosis, can cause anemia by impacting blood production in your bone marrow. The impacts of these types of cancer and cancer-like conditions vary from mild to life-threatening.
  • Hemolytic anemias. This group of anemias develops when RBC’s are destroyed much faster than bone marrow can replace them. Particular blood diseases increase red cell destruction. You can inherit a hemolytic anemia, or you can establish it later in life.
  • Sickle cell anemia. This inherited and often serious condition is an inherited hemolytic anemia. It’s caused by a malfunctioning kind of hemoglobin that forces RBC’s to assume an unusual crescent (sickle) shape. These irregular blood cells pass away prematurely, leading to a chronic scarcity of red blood cells.
  • Other anemias. There are a number of other kinds of anemia, such as thalassemia and malarial anemia.

Diagnosis of anemia

To diagnose anemia, your doctor may ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical exam, and run the following tests:

  • Complete blood count (CBC). A CBC is used to count the number of blood cells in a sample of your blood. For anemia your doctor will have an interest in the levels of the red blood cells contained in the blood (hematocrit) and the hemoglobin in your blood. Typical adult hematocrit values differ from one medical practice to another but are normally between 40 and 52 percent for men and 35 and 47 percent for women. Regular adult hemoglobin values are generally 14 to 18 grams per deciliter for men and 12 to 16 grams per deciliter for women.
  • A test to figure out the shapes and size of your RBC’s . Some of your RBC’s may likewise be analyzed for unusual size, shape and color.

Extra diagnostic tests

If you receive a diagnosis of anemia, your doctor might purchase extra tests to identify the underlying cause. For instance, iron shortage anemia can arise from chronic bleeding of ulcers, benign polyps in the colon, colon cancer, tumors or kidney problems.

Periodically, it may be required to study a sample of your bone marrow to diagnose anemia.

Treatment of anemia

Anemia treatment depends on the cause.

  • Iron shortage anemia. Treatment for this type of anemia generally includes taking iron supplements and making changes to your diet. If the underlying cause of iron shortage is loss of blood– besides from menstruation– the source of the bleeding must be located and stopped. This might include surgery.
  • Vitamin deficiency anemias. Treatment for folic acid and B-12 shortage involves dietary supplements and increasing these nutrients in your diet. If your digestive system has trouble taking in vitamin B-12 from the food you eat, you may need vitamin B-12 shots. Initially, you may get the shots every other day. Ultimately, you’ll require shots simply as soon as a month, which might continue for life, depending on your scenario.
  • Anemia of chronic disease. There’s no specific treatment for this type of anemia. Physicians focus on treating the underlying disease. If symptoms become severe, a blood transfusion or injections of artificial erythropoietin, a hormone normally produced by your kidneys, might help stimulate red cell production and ease tiredness.
  • Aplastic anemia. Treatment for this anemia might include blood transfusions to increase levels of RBC’s. You might require a bone marrow transplant if your bone marrow is infected and cannot make healthy blood cells.
  • Anemias related to bone marrow disease. Treatment of these different diseases can include medication, chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation.
  • Hemolytic anemias. Handling hemolytic anemias includes avoiding suspect medications, treating associated infections and taking drugs that reduce your body immune system, which might be assaulting your red blood cells. Depending upon the intensity of your anemia, a blood transfusion or plasmapheresis might be essential. Plasmapheresis is a type of blood-filtering procedure. In specific cases, elimination of the spleen can be handy.
  • Sickle cell anemia. Treatment for this anemia may include the administration of oxygen, pain-relieving drugs, and oral and intravenous fluids to reduce pain and prevent complications. Physicians likewise might suggest blood transfusions, folic acid supplements and antibiotics. A bone marrow transplant might be a reliable treatment in some scenarios. A cancer drug called hydroxyurea (Droxia, Hydrea) also is used to treat sickle cell anemia.
  • Thalassemia. This anemia might be treated with blood transfusions, folic acid supplements, medication, elimination of the spleen (splenectomy), or a blood and bone marrow stem cell transplant.

Best Supplements for Anemia

If you have anemia and you need to enrich your blood with iron, then you should take special pills to help patients with anemia. The most popular ones are listed below (link will transfer you to Amazon page with the product):

Home Remedy for Anemia

  • Diet making up all the necessary elements required by the body is essential to treat anemia. Cereals, rice, milk products, vegetables and green leafy vegetables, meat and poultry, fish and nuts, eggs, beans and so on.
  • Iron rich food such as liver, green leafy vegetables, wild rice, oysters, raisins and prunes, whole grain flour.
  • Apple is rich source of iron, eat a couple of apples in a day, it is one of the easiest natural home remedy for anemia.
  • Food cooked in iron pots increases iron content in the food.
  • Eat citrus fruits they are helpful in taking in iron from the intestine. Drink a glass of orange with beat root and carrot root juice.


Millions of people face this problem every day. Anemia is most common in women. But, the good news is that you can fix the situation with proper nutrition, charging and helping the body with hydrating supplements that provide you with iron.

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Comments: 6
  1. Lynn

    The risk of iron-deficiency anemia is much higher for:

    -children during active growth;
    -pregnant and nursing mothers;
    -women of reproductive age, that is, those who have menstrual bleeding.

    One of the main risk factors for iron — deficiency anemia is pregnancy. The expectant mother must provide this microelement not only for herself, but also for the child. By the time of birth, the baby’s body accumulates about 300 mg of iron received from the mother.

  2. Dr.Henry O. Pullins

    For newborns, the only source of iron is breast milk. If there is not enough of it in the body of a nursing mother, then the child will also suffer. Iron is involved in the formation of nervous tissue, and its deficiency strongly affects the development of the baby.

  3. Carla Johnson

    At the stage of hidden deficiency, when hemoglobin is not yet lowered, it is enough to adjust the diet, start taking vitamins, certain foods and dietary Supplements. The body itself increases the absorption of iron from the intestines and can quickly restore the deficit.

    With severe iron-deficiency anemia, you can no longer do without specialized medications. They allow you to quickly restore the iron supply, activate the formation of hemoglobin and red blood cells.

  4. Pam C. Timmer

    Dieting won’t help with severe anemia. But proper nutrition can prevent the development of primary iron deficiency.
    Tips for diet in iron deficiency:

    -meat, liver and eggs — the best products at sideropenia;

    -no more than 1-5% of iron is absorbed from vegetables and fruits;

    -vitamins C, B, folic acid and copper improve iron absorption;

    -calcium, tannins, oxalates and phosphates reduce the bioavailability of iron, which means:
    -it is desirable to minimize the use of strong tea;
    -dairy products should be consumed separately from those containing iron.

  5. Margaret

    Blood transfusion is the latest method that is only used when a person’s life is at stake. Each such case is discussed individually by a Council of doctors.

  6. Dr.David R. Matney

    Even before the development of anemia, specific signs of sideropenia appear. Most often, the skin and hair, stomach and intestines, heart muscle, and nervous system are affected.

    If you arrange the symptoms of iron deficiency from the most frequent to the more rare, you will get this list:

    -dry skin;
    -brittle layered nails;
    -changing the shape of the nails, their transverse striation;
    -split ends of hair, slow growth;
    -fatigue, asthenia, weakness;
    -violation of taste, desire to eat toothpaste, chalk, paint, and so on;
    -a strange addiction to the smell;
    -jags on the lips.

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