If you are faced with hemorrhoids, then you do not need to explain what kind of discomfort and pain it is. Inflamed hemorrhoids are especially painful for the patient, so it is especially important to know how to treat it.
What Is Inflamed Hemorrhoid?
Hemorrhoids (HEM-uh-roids), also called piles, are swollen veins in your anus and lower anus, similar to varicose veins. Hemorrhoids can develop inside the anus (internal hemorrhoids) or under the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids).
Almost three out of 4 adults will have hemorrhoids from time to time. Hemorrhoids have a number of causes, but frequently the cause is unidentified.
Fortunately, effective alternatives are readily available to deal with hemorrhoids. Many individuals get relief with home treatments and lifestyle changes.
Inflamed Hemorrhoids Signs and Types
Symptoms and signs of inflamed hemorrhoids generally depend upon the type of hemorrhoid.
These are under the skin around your anus. Symptoms and signs might include:
- Itching or inflammation in your anal area
- Pain or discomfort
- Swelling around your rectum
Internal hemorrhoids lie inside the rectum. You usually can’t see or feel them, and they rarely trigger discomfort. However straining or inflammation when passing stool can cause:
Pain-free bleeding during bowel movements. You might notice percentages of bright red blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet.
A hemorrhoid to push through the anal opening (prolapsed or extending hemorrhoid), resulting in pain and inflammation.
If blood pools in an external hemorrhoid and forms an embolism (thrombus), it can result in:
- Severe pain
- A hard lump near your rectum
Treatment for Inflamed Hemorrhoid
You can frequently ease the moderate pain, swelling and inflammation of hemorrhoids with home treatments.
- Eat high-fiber foods. Consume more fruits, veggies and entire grains. Doing so softens the stool and increases its bulk, which will help you avoid the straining that can worsen symptoms from existing hemorrhoids. Add fiber to your diet slowly to prevent issues with gas.
- Usage topical treatments. Use an over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream or suppository including hydrocortisone, or use pads including witch hazel or a numbing agent.
- Soak frequently in a warm bath or sitz bath. Soak your anal area in plain warm water for 10 to 15 minutes 2 to 3 times a day. A sitz bath fits over the toilet.
- Take oral pain relievers. You can use acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) briefly to help alleviate your discomfort.
With these treatments, hemorrhoid symptoms often go away within a week. See your physician in a week if you don’t get relief, or sooner if you have severe pain or bleeding.
If your hemorrhoids produce just mild discomfort, your doctor may suggest over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories or pads. These products contain active ingredients such as witch hazel, or hydrocortisone and lidocaine, which can temporarily relieve pain and itching.
Don’t use a non-prescription steroid cream for more than a week unless directed by your doctor because it can thin your skin.
You can buy appreciate creams and other medications to treat inflamed hemorrhoids on Amazon.
External hemorrhoid thrombectomy
If a painful embolism (apoplexy) has actually formed within an external hemorrhoid, your medical professional can remove the hemorrhoid, which can offer timely relief. This treatment, done under local anesthesia, is most effective if done within 72 hours of establishing a clot.
Minimally invasive procedures
For persistent bleeding or painful hemorrhoids, your doctor might recommend one of the other minimally invasive procedures readily available. These treatments can be performed in your physician’s office or other outpatient setting and don’t generally require anesthesia.
Rubber band ligation. Your physician places one or two small elastic band around the base of an internal hemorrhoid to cut off its blood circulation. The hemorrhoid withers and falls off within a week.
Hemorrhoid banding can be uncomfortable and cause bleeding, which may start 2 to four days after the treatment but is hardly ever severe. Sometimes, more-serious complications can take place.
- Injection (sclerotherapy). Your medical professional injects a chemical service into the hemorrhoid tissue to shrink it. While the injection causes little or no pain, it might be less effective than elastic band ligation.
- Coagulation (infrared, laser or bipolar). Coagulation techniques use laser or infrared light or heat. They trigger small, bleeding internal hemorrhoids to harden and shrivel. Coagulation has few side effects and usually triggers little discomfort.
Just a little percentage of individuals with hemorrhoids require surgery. However, if other treatments haven’t been successful or you have large hemorrhoids, your physician might advise one of the following:
Hemorrhoid removal (hemorrhoidectomy). Choosing one of various strategies, your surgeon eliminates extreme tissue that triggers bleeding. The surgery can be done with local anesthesia combined with sedation, spine anesthesia or general anesthesia.
Hemorrhoidectomy is the most reliable and complete method to treat extreme or repeating hemorrhoids. Issues can consist of short-lived problem clearing your bladder, which can lead to urinary tract infections. This issue occurs primarily after spine anesthesia.
Most people have some pain after the procedure, which medications can ease. Soaking in a warm bath also might help.
Hemorrhoid stapling. This procedure, called stapled hemorrhoidopexy, obstructs blood flow to hemorrhoidal tissue. It is usually used only for internal hemorrhoids.
Stapling typically involves less pain than hemorrhoidectomy and enables earlier return to routine activities. Compared to hemorrhoidectomy, however, stapling has actually been connected with a greater risk of recurrence and rectal prolapse, in which part of the rectum protrudes from the anus.
Issues can also consist of bleeding, urinary retention and pain, along with, rarely, a deadly blood infection (sepsis). Talk with your physician about the best alternative for you.