Ingrown toenails are a common condition in which the corner or side of a toenail turns into the soft flesh. The outcome is pain, soreness, swelling and, in some cases, an infection. Ingrown toenails normally impact your huge toe.
Often you can take care of ingrown toenails on your own. If the pain is serious or spreading, your physician can take steps to ease your discomfort and help you avoid issues of ingrown toenails.
If you have diabetes or another condition that triggers bad blood circulation to your feet, you’re at higher threat of complications of ingrown toenails.
The primary morbid condition of ingrown toenail is pain. Nevertheless, it can be the starting pathway for more severe disorders in specific patients at risk, specifically those with diabetes or arterial insufficiency.
Particular attention must be paid to high-risk patients. Referral to specialized clinics for follow-up (eg, surgeon, podiatric doctor) is advised for these patients.
This disorder is not found in the preambulatory stages. Unusual in preteens, it is more common in teenagers, and its occurrence increases throughout life.
Ingrown Toenails Symptoms
Ingrown toenails can be painful, and they normally worsen in stages.
Early-stage symptoms include:
- skin beside the nail becoming tender, swollen, or hard
- pain when pressure is put on the toe
- fluid structure up around the toe
If your toe becomes infected, symptoms may consist of:
- red, swollen skin
- exuding pus
- overgrowth of skin around the toe
Treat your ingrown toenail as soon as possible to avoid worsening symptoms.
Causes of Ingrown Toenails
Ingrown toenails take place in both males and females. According to the National Health Services (NHS), ingrown toenails might be more common in people with sweaty feet, such as teens. Older individuals may likewise be at greater risk since toenails thicken with age.
Numerous things can trigger an ingrown toenail, including:
- cutting toenails improperly (Cut directly throughout, since angling the sides of the nail can motivate the nail to become the skin.)
- irregular, curved toenails.
- shoes that puts a great deal of pressure on the huge toes, such as socks and stockings that are too tight or shoes that are too tight, narrow, or flat for your feet.
- toenail injury, consisting of stubbing your toe, dropping something heavy on your foot, or kicking a ball repeatedly.
- poor posture.
- incorrect foot hygiene, such as not keeping your feet clean or dry.
- hereditary predisposition.
Utilizing your feet thoroughly during athletic activities can make you specifically susceptible to getting ingrown toenails. Activities in which you consistently kick an object or put pressure on your feet for extended periods of time can cause toenail damage and increase your danger of ingrown toenails. These activities consist of:.
How to Fix an Ingrown Toenail at Home
To treat your ingrown toenail at home, try:
- soaking your feet in warm water for about 15 to 20 minutes 3 to four times daily (At other times, your shoes and feet should be kept dry.).
- pushing skin away from the toenail edge with a cotton ball took in olive oil.
- using non-prescription medications, like acetaminophen (Tylenol), for the pain.
- using a topical antibiotic, such as polymyxin and neomycin (both present in Neosporin) or a steroid cream, to prevent infection.
Attempt home treatments for a couple of days to a few weeks. If the pain intensifies or you discover it challenging to stroll or perform other activities since of the nail, see your doctor.
If the toenail does not react to home treatments or an infection takes place, you might require surgery. In cases of infection, stop all home treatments and see your medical professional.
When to see a doctor
See your physician if you:
- Experience severe discomfort in your toe or pus or soreness that appears to be spreading
- Have diabetes or another condition that causes poor blood circulation to your feet and you experience any foot aching or infection
How Doctors Treat Ingrown Toenails
If the ingrown toenail hurts you so much that you have to see a doctor, you should be prepared for the fact that you will need a small surgery.
There are different kinds of surgical treatments for ingrown toenails. Partial nail removal just involves eliminating the piece of nail that is digging into your skin. Your medical professional numbs your toe and then narrows the toenail. According to the NHS, partial nail removal is 98 percent reliable for preventing future ingrown toenails.
Throughout a partial nail removal, the sides of the nail are cut away so that the edges are totally straight. A piece of cotton is placed under the remaining portion of the nail to keep the ingrown toenail from repeating. Your medical professional may also treat your toe with a substance called phenol, which keeps the nail from growing back.
Overall nail removal may be utilized if your ingrown nail is caused by thickening.Your medical professional will give you a local pain injection and after that remove the whole nail in a treatment called a matrixectomy.
After surgery, your medical professional will send you home with your toe bandaged. You will probably require to keep your foot raised for the next one to two days and wear unique shoes to allow your toe to heal properly.
Prevent motion as much as possible. Your bandage is typically eliminated two days after surgery. Your physician will advise you to use open-toe shoes and to do day-to-day salt water soaks up until your toe heals. You will also be recommended pain relief medication and antibiotics to prevent infection.
Your toenail will likely grow back a couple of months after a partial nail removal surgery. If the whole nail is removed down to the base (the nail matrix under your skin), a toenail can take control of a year to grow back.
Can You Fix Your Ingrown Toenails Using Only Medications?
Medications are required for only those with problems. Antibiotics are not shown unless lymphangitic spread is noted. Antifungal agents are required for onychomycosis. Ibuprofen or acetaminophen is utilized for pain.
Possible Complications of Ingrown Toenails
If left untreated, an ingrown toenail infection can cause an infection in the bone in your toe. A toenail infection can likewise cause foot ulcers, or open sores, and a loss of blood circulation to the infected area. Tissue decay and tissue death at the site of infection are possible.
A foot infection can be more major if you have diabetes. Even a little cut, scrape, or ingrown toenail may quickly end up being infected due to the lack of blood circulation and nerve sensitivity. See your doctor immediately if you have diabetes and are concerned about an ingrown toenail infection.
If you have a hereditary predisposition to ingrown toenails, they may keep returning or appear on multiple toes simultaneously. Your quality of life may be impacted by pain, infections, and other painful foot issues that require multiple treatments or surgical treatments. In this case, your medical professional might suggest a partial or complete matrixectomy to get rid of the toenails causing chronic pain. Learn more about foot care and diabetes.
Ingrown toenails can be prevented by making numerous way of life changes:
- Trim your toenails directly across and ensure that the edges do not curve in.
- Avoid cutting toenails too short.
- Use correct fitting shoes, socks, and tights.
- Use steel-toe boots if you work in harmful conditions.
- If your toenails are unusually curved or thick, surgery may be essential to prevent ingrown nails.