Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy


Pregnancy is a beautiful experience for any woman, but it often comes with a plethora of challenges, some of which can be quite uncomfortable. Hemorrhoids are one such challenge that many pregnant women face. However, due to the taboo surrounding the subject matter, most women suffer in silence without seeking help.

In this blog post, we’ll explore everything you need to know about hemorrhoids during pregnancy, including causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment options to help you manage this condition effectively and get back to enjoying your pregnancy journey.

Understanding Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

Hemorrhoids are no fun, but they are a common occurrence during pregnancy. When blood vessels in and around the anus become inflamed, it can cause burning, pain, and itching. Typically, this happens in the third trimester due to increased pressure on the lower half of your body.

There’s no need to panic, though. Hemorrhoids are harmless and affect more than half of all pregnant women. Soaking in warm water can help relieve discomfort, but it’s important to address the root cause of the problem.

Understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for hemorrhoids during pregnancy can help you manage the issue more effectively. Paying attention to preventive measures and making lifestyle changes like incorporating fiber-rich foods into your diet can help keep hemorrhoids at bay.

Information verified by the iythealth.com team.

Take heart in the fact that hemorrhoids during pregnancy are common and temporary. You’re not alone in your discomfort, and there are plenty of resources available to help you cope.


Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

Nobody likes to talk about it, but it’s a common problem during pregnancy – hemorrhoids. They can be uncomfortable, painful, and just downright annoying. So, how do you know if you have them? Here are the symptoms to watch out for:

First off, there may be pain or discomfort while passing stools. It’s common to feel like you’re pushing against a hard surface, and this can cause pressure to build up in your rectal area. You may feel the need to push harder, which can further aggravate your hemorrhoids. And let’s be real, who needs that kind of strain on their already over-stretched body?

Other symptoms include itching and burning around the anal area. This can also lead to bleeding. If you notice any bright red blood on toilet paper or in the toilet after a bowel movement, that’s a telltale sign of hemorrhoids. Don’t freak out though – it’s incredibly common during pregnancy.

So, if you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s highly likely that you have hemorrhoids. The good news is that they’re usually not harmful to you or your baby. They may be uncomfortable, but they’re not going to cause any long-term damage. However, it’s still important to take steps to manage them.

Causes of Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

Ah, the joys of pregnancy! Along with those beautiful baby kicks and cravings come some not-so-pleasant side effects, and hemorrhoids are certainly one of them. So, what causes these pesky swollen veins in the anus during pregnancy? Let’s find out!

It all starts with constipation – that lovely pregnancy sidekick that makes bathroom trips a struggle. When stool is hard, the extra straining can put pressure on the rectum and result in hemorrhoids. Pregnancy hormones also contribute by slowing down the bowels and further worsening constipation.

But don’t worry, there are ways to prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy! Eating a diet high in fiber, drinking plenty of fluids, and regularly exercising can keep those bowels moving smoothly and decrease the likelihood of hemorrhoids. It’s also important to avoid sitting or standing for long periods and to take breaks to move around and stretch your legs.

If you do end up with hemorrhoids during pregnancy, don’t panic. Your OB/GYN can prescribe a stool softener or topical cream to help relieve the itching and pain. In some cases, surgical procedures may be necessary, but these are typically only considered for severe cases.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

Now that you know the symptoms and causes of hemorrhoids during pregnancy, it’s time to dive into diagnosing and treating this pesky issue. Diagnosing hemorrhoids during pregnancy can be done through a visual examination of the rectal area as well as an internal exam if necessary. Treatment for hemorrhoids during pregnancy can be done through a combination of lifestyle changes and medication.

Increasing fiber content in the diet, administering stool softeners, and increasing liquid intake are great places to start when managing hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Cold packs can also provide relief for painful symptoms. If over-the-counter medication is needed, there are options available that are deemed safe for expecting mothers.

In severe cases, surgical procedures may be required to treat hemorrhoids during pregnancy. This decision should be made by a doctor and will depend on the severity and duration of the hemorrhoids.

But don’t worry, coping with hemorrhoids during pregnancy is manageable with the right treatment plan. Remember to prioritize self-care and seek medical guidance if necessary. You got this, mama!

Prevention of Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

Prevention is key when it comes to avoiding hemorrhoids during pregnancy. The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to avoid constipation. This can be achieved by eating a high-fiber diet with plenty of whole fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Drinking plenty of water and other liquids can also help keep the stool soft and easy to pass.

Pregnant women should also avoid standing or sitting for long periods of time. This puts pressure on the veins in the lower body and can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids. Gentle exercises, such as walking or yoga, can help improve circulation and avoid constipation.

The use of sitz baths can also help soothe the area and prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Sitz baths involve sitting in a warm, shallow bath filled with water several times a day. This can help reduce inflammation and irritation, which can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids.

In some cases, healthcare providers may prescribe stool softeners, hemorrhoid creams or gels, or fiber supplements to help manage symptoms and prevent hemorrhoids. It is important to discuss any concerns about hemorrhoids during pregnancy with a healthcare provider.

Lifestyle Changes to Manage Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

If you’re dealing with hemorrhoids during pregnancy, making some simple lifestyle changes can make a big difference.

First things first, don’t forget to drink lots of water. Staying hydrated can help keep your stools soft and regular, which means less strain and pressure on those sensitive veins. You should aim for around 8-10 glasses of water per day, or more if you’re feeling particularly thirsty.

Another key lifestyle change is to boost your fiber intake. This means eating more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and bran cereals to help keep things moving along smoothly. Not only can fiber help prevent hemorrhoids from developing in the first place, but it can also ease symptoms if you’re already dealing with them.

In addition to dietary changes, there are a few other lifestyle habits that can help manage hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Avoid sitting or standing for long periods of time, as this can increase pressure on your lower half. Instead, try taking short walks or doing gentle exercises to keep your blood flowing and reduce swelling.

Finally, make sure you’re practicing good hygiene to keep things clean and prevent infection. After using the bathroom, gently blot the area with a soft, damp cloth or unscented baby wipe. Avoid harsh soaps or perfumes in this area, and consider using a sitz bath to soothe any discomfort.

Medications for Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

When it comes to managing hemorrhoids during pregnancy, medications can be an effective way to ease the discomfort. However, it’s important to consult with a healthcare provider before taking any medication.

Topical treatments, such as hemorrhoid creams or rectal suppositories, may contain local anesthetics, mild astringents, or steroids. Witch hazel medicated pads can also be applied to the anal area for relief. For immediate cooling relief, Tucks’ witch hazel pads are a popular choice among moms.

Creams or ointments that contain hydrocortisone-pramoxine can also be effective in reducing pain, inflammation, and itching caused by hemorrhoids. Zinc ointment or over-the-counter witch hazel-glycerin compresses can also be applied.

However, it’s important to note that zinc ointments containing bismuth subgallate should be avoided, as they can cause itching, burning, pain, or bleeding in some cases.

In addition to medications, lifestyle changes can also help manage hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Eating a high-fiber diet and staying hydrated can help prevent constipation, a common factor that exacerbates hemorrhoids.

Surgical Procedures for Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

Surgical procedures for hemorrhoids during pregnancy may sound daunting, but they are rarely necessary. However, if all other treatment options have failed, surgery could be considered in extreme cases.

Hemorrhoidectomy is one such surgical procedure where the hemorrhoids are removed. It’s usually done under general anesthesia and requires a few weeks of recovery time. Another option is infrared coagulation, which involves using infrared light to create scar tissue that helps to shrink the hemorrhoid.


This procedure is less invasive and requires little to no recovery time. Both of these procedures are considered safe for pregnant women, but it’s crucial to consult a healthcare provider before making any decisions. Remember, surgery is not always an appropriate intervention for hemorrhoids during pregnancy, so it’s best to exhaust all other options first.

Coping with Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

If you’re struggling with hemorrhoids during your pregnancy, there are various coping mechanisms to help ease any discomfort. Firstly, it’s essential to manage constipation through a high-fiber diet and plenty of liquids, avoiding straining during bowel movements, and taking regular walks. A sitz bath is a straightforward home remedy that can provide relief from pain and itching.

Over-the-counter creams and ointments can also provide respite, but it’s essential to speak with your doctor first to ensure their safety during pregnancy. If you’re experiencing severe pain or bleeding, it’s crucial to seek medical attention immediately. Additionally, you should avoid sitting for long periods and standing for too long, which can exacerbate hemorrhoids.

Staying active throughout the day and regularly changing positions can also help. Lastly, consider wearing loose-fitting clothes to prevent any further aggravation. Remember, being pregnant with hemorrhoids is not uncommon, and there is no need to suffer in silence. With a little self-care and some help from your physician, you can manage and cope with hemorrhoids during pregnancy.

When to Consult a Doctor

Dealing with hemorrhoids during pregnancy can be uncomfortable and even painful. While there are several ways to manage and treat the symptoms at home, there may come a point when a visit to your healthcare provider is necessary. Here are some signs that it’s time to seek medical attention:

  • If the symptoms of hemorrhoids become painful to the point of interfering with daily life.
  • If there is rectal bleeding that is persistent or excessive.
  • If there is a lump or swelling around the anus that is not going away.
  • If there is discharge or pus coming from the anus.
  • If there is a fever accompanying the symptoms.

If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, it’s important to speak with a doctor. They can properly diagnose your condition and recommend the best treatment options. Again, hemorrhoids during pregnancy are common, and there are many effective ways to treat them. But if the symptoms become too overwhelming or affect your quality of life, don’t hesitate to reach out for medical help.

Remember, a healthy pregnancy is a happy pregnancy, and taking care of yourself and your baby is the top priority. Don’t let the discomfort of hemorrhoids during pregnancy be a hindrance to enjoying this special time in your life. With the right support and care, you can overcome this obstacle and continue to thrive as you prepare to welcome your little one into the world.

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