If you suddenly awaken to searing and painful spasms around your calves at night, you’re probably experiencing leg cramps. These are typical incident when the body does not get the correct amount of water consumption during the day; but if you’re experiencing this during pregnancy, you need to be additional mindful and must always go down to the root of the cause.
What are the Causes of Leg Cramps During Pregnancy?
Leg cramps or leg pain during pregnancy is very common. This normally begins during the 2nd trimester and appear to obtain even worse as the pregnancy progresses from then onwards.
While no one has a relevant and particular response, it can occur out of one of the factors or a combination of likely factors.
- Tiredness or tiredness from bring excess pregnancy weight is a common cause of leg cramps in overweight people. So when it comes to pregnancy the same rules use. The weight concerns become important when the mother to be, does not incorporate a correct vegetarian diet. It is said that just taking in 300 more calories a day can be sufficient for the requirements of the growing baby in the mother’s womb. Frequently this is misinterpreted into eating more fats, which includes more bulk than needed.
- Your expanding uterus puts a pressure on the veins that transfer blood from your feet to your heart. That leads to obstruction of blood flow and for this reason the cramps. This is a typical phenomenon that non pregnant people likewise experience. One might observe that when individuals sit cross legged for a very long time or put pressure on one limb for a longer time, they cannot feel anything for a while up until the flow of blood returns. The same thing takes place for women who are pregnant.
- A diet that contains an excess of phosphorus however lesser calcium or magnesium contents, which, in turn, causes a lack of nutrients and salts that flows with your blood. Also this shortage takes place because your baby is feeding on your materials leaving very little for your very own use.
- A hormone called progesterone affects the muscles of your legs. This hormone is thought to be accountable for leg cramps during pregnancy. While these cramps can take place throughout the day, it mainly takes place at night, owing to the tiredness and water retention, ruining a great night’s sleep for everyone consisting of the pregnant mother.
- Often narrowing of arteries can cause cramp like pain. A severe case of arteriosclerosis can cause cramps in the legs. In some cases this severe pain can be activated by workout. This typically stops when you slow down and stop working out for a while.
- Compression of nerves in the spine also described as lumber stenosis can cause constrain like pain in your legs. The pain ends up being severe when you walk a lot. So if you are having these pains simply take total rest. However, small amount exercise is important when you are pregnant. So aim to walk in a flexed position as if you are pulling a cart to reduce pain. Consult your doctor relating to the position and take adequate treatment for the pain to maximize comfort.
- Having diuretics and medications for blood pressure can cause mineral depletion. Insufficient of calcium, potassium and magnesium can cause leg cramps.
Symptoms of Leg Cramps
Muscle cramps usually vanish on their own (only by the Will of Allah). Specifically, cramps that occur in the leg muscles or in the calf muscles. You may get an unexpected and sharp pain and can feel a swelling of tissue under your skin. Nevertheless you must visit the doctor if the cramps cause severe discomfort:
- If there is inflammation and swelling.
- If cramps take place due to muscle weakness.
- If the pain occurs frequently and it does not enhance with self-care.
- Also ask the doctor for suggestions if the pain does not take place due laborious workout.
Address all the questions your doctor asks precisely so the diagnosis is perfect. When a correct diagnosis is done, it is much easier to embrace an efficient treatment.
Risk Factors of Muscle Cramps
There are lots of elements that increase the chance of cramps. They are:
- People who are higher on the age bar experience cramps more often. So if you have your pregnancy after 30 years the chances of muscle and leg constrain boosts.
- Those who become tired and dehydrated while working out in the warm weather have muscle cramps.
Medical conditions like diabetes, thyroid conditions, and problems in liver, kidney and nerve cause cramps regularly.
Natural Remedies to Tackle Leg Cramps
It is best to follow natural remedies to neutralize leg, foot or muscle cramps. Cramps can happen when your body is working extremely hard and this lead to deficiency in some essential nutrients like magnesium and vitamin B6. Likewise lack of exercise, gain in weight and expecting more than one baby can result in leg cramps. The extreme pain can wake you up at night and make you restless and tense.
Here are some easy remedies that you can follow to prevent leg cramps.
- Eat a healthy diet. Include foods like dates, apples, green vegetables, figs, dried beans, pulses, dairy products, sunflower seeds, salmon and green leafy veggies to your diet.
- A balanced diet makes sure good health and keeps all muscle cramps at bay. A vegetarian diet comprising of fruits and vegetable salads and juices help to prevent the severity of leg cramps.
- You can attempt aromatherapy to prevent leg cramps. You should ask your doctor whether important oils are safe during pregnancy. You can use lavender and chamomile. Mix 1 tsp. of either lavender or chamomile oil to grape seed oil and massage on the afflicted area to get relief. Use lavender oil periodically in the first trimester because it can cause uterine contractions.
- A warm bath can unwind you and eliminate pain in the calf area.
- Do mild exercise to help blood flow.
- Have your prenatal vitamins frequently.
- Reduce the salt consumption to prevent fluid retention in the body. This can cause swollen ankles. Also reduce the phosphorus intake by reducing red meat, processed food and soda.
- Do not flex your toes down as it can worsen the cramp. While kicking back try to circle your ankles slowly in one instructions.
- Stretch your calf muscle numerous times during the day to reduce cramps. You can go on tiptoes for a while and then go down again to enable stretching to happen. This is an excellent exercise before you go to bed.
- You can massage the confined muscles with ice or cold compress to reduce pain.
- Have vitamin B supplements to reduce cramps.
What are the Probable Precautions?
Practicing extending exercises can help avoid leg cramps during early pregnancy, often taking place at night. A few stretches at bedtime are all it takes. Here is how you do it:
- Stand two feet away from a wall.
- Place your palms versus the wall.
- Lean forward with your heels strongly on the floor and hold it for 10 seconds.
- Return and unwind for 5 seconds.
- Repeat this a minimum of thrice.
- Prevent meaning a long period of time or sitting cross legged for an extended period.
- Stretch your calf muscles several times throughout the day to prevent muscle pulls.
- Make a practice of turning your ankles and wiggling your toes when you sit down or to eat.
- Unless the doctor strictly asks to prevent exercising use at least 30 minutes of your day for walking.
- Prevent being tired out and over worked. If there’s a smallest discomfort then lie down on your left side to improve blood circulation. Also if your legs pain in the calf area, then sleep on the side of the paining leg to assist relieve it down.
- Remain hydrated at all times. Drink the typical eight to ten glasses of water. Do not include any caffeinated beverages in your everyday diet. If your urine is dark yellow it suggests you are not consuming adequate amount of water.
- If you are stressed over the trips to the bathroom at night, then it is advisable to drink the last glass of water a minimum of 2 hours prior to bedtime so that whatever urine needs to pass does so prior to you pass out on your bed.
- Run a warm bath before bedtime as it will help relax your muscles. Include scent oils and bath salts to give a really relaxing environment as it will make you feel entirely at ease.
- Follow a well balanced diet and include fruits and vegetables which will give you an adequate input of calcium and magnesium, the shortage of which causes the cramps. Take them in their natural type and avoid taking supplements.
- You can stretch your calf muscles to obtain relief. Doing stretching exercises prior to striking the bed can avoid leg cramps during pregnancy, which normally strikes at night. You can try this extending workout also to obtain relief from pain. Stand at an arm’s length from the wall, place your hands on the wall in front of you and put your right foot behind in the left foot. Slowly flex your left leg forward without bending your right knee. Keep your right knee straight and right heel on the floor. Hold and extend your legs for 30 seconds. Make sure you keep your back straight and hips forward while doing this extending workout. Switch legs and repeat the workout. Do not rotate your legs inward and external as well as avoid pointing your toes.
- It is necessary to remain active during pregnancy. However, before starting workout please take your doctor’s consent.
- It is likewise important to wear suitable shoes to get optimal convenience and reduce leg cramps. Use shoes with long counter (the firm part of the shoe that surrounds the heel).
- Taking magnesium supplement during pregnancy will help to prevent leg cramps. Consult your doctor which brand or dose will be appropriate for you. You need to include magnesium abundant foods in your diet like entire grains, beans, nuts, seeds and dried fruits.
- If a leg constrain strikes then stretch the calf muscle on the afflicted side. Walking and elevating your legs can prevent leg cramps from repeating. Accumulate two pillows and prop your leg on it and kick back. A hot shower, a warm bath or ice massage might help to ease the leg cramp.