Seborrheic dermatitis is a form of skin inflammation (dermatitis) that causes a red, oily, flaking skin rash in areas of the body where glands in the skin called sebaceous glands are most plentiful– the scalp, face and groin. In babies, it mainly impacts the scalp, where it is called cradle cap. The causes of seborrheic dermatitis are uncertain, but yeast might be associated with some cases.
Although medical professionals recognize that seborrheic dermatitis happens in skin areas that have numerous sebaceous glands, they still do unknown precisely why it develops there. It is believed that a small yeast may contribute in seborrheic dermatitis. Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin condition that impacts individuals who typically have no other health issue.
Symptoms seborrheic dermatitis
In infants, seborrheic dermatitis appears as a scaly inflammation that typically is not itchy or uncomfortable. In some infants, it impacts only the scalp (cradle cap), however in others, it likewise involves the neck creases, armpits or groin.
In adults and adolescents, seborrheic dermatitis might impact only the scalp, appearing as either patchy or diffuse areas of redness and flaking. Other skin areas commonly impacted include the eyebrows, eyelids, forehead, nose creases, external ear, chest, underarms, or groin.
Although some adults and teenagers feel an itchy or burning inflammation in areas of seborrheic dermatitis, others do not have any discomfort. In some individuals, seborrheic dermatitis flare-ups are set off by stress.
Diagnosis seborrheic dermatitis
Your doctor usually can identify seborrheic dermatitis by an easy physical exam.
In infants, seborrheic dermatitis typically is worst during the first year of life. It usually vanishes (Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? The Noble Qur`an Surah 55 Ayat 13) as the child grows, and it might return during the teenage years. In adults and teenagers, seborrheic dermatitis has the tendency to be a chronic condition that reoccurs over several years.
Prevention seborrheic dermatitis
Due to the fact that physicians do unknown what causes seborrheic dermatitis, there is no other way to avoid it. Nevertheless, symptoms can be controlled with reliable treatment.
How to Treat Seborrheic Dermatitis at Home
If you have an infant with cradle cap, your doctor might recommend using baby oil to soften the scale, followed by shampooing with a mild baby hair shampoo to gently get rid of the scale. If this doesn’t help, your doctor may suggest an anti-seborrheic dermatitis shampoo. For skin areas outside the scalp, your doctor might prescribe hydrocortisone or an anti-yeast cream, due to the fact that yeast often can trigger seborrheic dermatitis.
If you are an adult with scalp seborrheic dermatitis, your doctor might recommend a shampoo including coal tar, selenium sulfide or zinc pyrithione. Brand names include Selsun Blue, Exelderm, Head & Shoulders, Zincon, and DHS zinc. Your doctor likewise may recommend corticosteroid cream and shampoo containing ketoconazole. For other skin areas, hydrocortisone or anti-yeast cream can be rubbed straight into seborrheic dermatitis patches.
For adults with persistent seborrheic dermatitis, treatment with oral itraconazole 200 mg daily for the first 2 days just of every month can be very reliable. Typically the treatment is just needed for 3 months, an overall of simply 6 pills.
When To Call a Professional
Call your doctor if you have not been able to control your seborrheic dermatitis with hair shampoos and creams. Keep in mind, the goal is control. There is no treatment.
Prognosis seborrheic dermatitis
Cradle cap usually disappears as a child grows. Other types of seborrheic dermatitis generally react extremely well to topical treatment with medicated shampoos and/or creams. When needed, an oral anti-fungal medicine can be extremely reliable.