Causes of a Bloated Stomach and Pain

Stomach bloating is so typical these days it’s been called an “epidemic.” With the majority of people’s poor diets, high levels of stress, requirement for day-to-day medications and direct exposure to numerous toxins, it’s no surprise they’re suffering some sort of bloating more days than not.

While a bloated stomach is definitely uncomfortable– even awkward when it occurs with gas or the need to run to the bathroom– it may be a larger offer than you ‘d think. Stomach bloating can in some cases signify serious health issue hiding listed below the surface. It’s one of the most common yeast symptoms and results in other concerns like a digestive condition, autoimmune reaction, allergic reaction or perhaps cancer sometimes.

Symptoms of a Bloated Stomach

Put simply, being “bloated” is the sensation of having built-up gas in your digestive system that makes your stomach protrude out uncomfortably. Some individuals even kid around and joke that they “look pregnant” when their bloating becomes really bad. Having a bloated stomach is various from gaining actual fat mass around your stomach, given that bloating is temporary and mostly caused by air ending up being stayed your abdominal area, making it distend to get rid of abdominal pain and bloating

Thankfully, sometimes stomach bloating isn’t really anything to be alarmed about. It can typically be cleared up by making some easy changes to your diet and routine, although not always. In addition to sensation full, gassy and having pain in your abdominal area, you should check if your bloated stomach happens concurrently with other symptoms throughout the body. This can idea you in on what’s causing the issue and whether it may be serious sufficient to require a doctor’s visit.

When you’re feeling bloated, look for other symptoms, consisting of:

What Causes a Bloated Stomach?

You may be questioning what causes stomach bloating. There are lots of different sneaky reasons you might cultivate a bloated stomach — allergies, hormonal imbalances, thyroid dysfunction, gut difficulties and more. It may seem hard to narrow down the culprit, however the more information you can collect about your reactions to different foods and scenarios, the much better idea you’ll have as to what activates your symptoms.

Bloating itself is usually a problem with food digestion. Making it more complicated, several things can affect gut health, the capability to metabolize food appropriately and our body’s method of naturally removing waste. Because numerous different aspects can contribute to stomach bloating– including some that seem absolutely unrelated, like sleep or stress– it’s possible to become bloated any time of the day or month.

Contrary to what the majority of people believe, bloating is not the same as bring around extra fat mass and even “water weight.” Fluids can’t actually collect in your stomach, although you may be bloated and have water retention in other parts of your body (like your ankles, face and feet) at the same time as having stomach bloating if you have a condition that’s triggering both.

For many individuals, the cause of extreme gas in the intestinal tracts comes down to: insufficient protein food digestion (causing some foods to ferment), failure to break down sugar and carbohydrates totally (specific complicated sugar substances require the existence of enzymes to be digested completely, yet people can be lacking these), and imbalances in gut bacteria.

In the digestive tract, there are trillions of healthy and undesirable bacteria that compete, and when “bad bacteria” outweigh the helpful for one factor or another, an imbalance can result in a bloated stomach and excessive gas.

Start by figuring out if you might be handling an underlying health issue that can cause bloating.

Possible Causes of a Bloated Stomach

Digestive Disorders

Many people dealing with numerous functional gastrointestinal disorders like IBS, ulcerative colitis and celiac disease have bloating, gas, distension and other symptoms. Some reports show that stomach bloating is experienced by 23 percent to 96 percent of people with IBS, 50 percent with practical dyspepsia and 56 percent with chronic constipation.

Fluid Retention (Called Edema or Ascites)

In some cases bodily fluids can be kept around the body, consisting of near the abdominal area or pelvis area, which causes excess bloating and temporary weight gain. You may likewise observe jewelry and clothes becoming tighter, extra swelling, and pain around joints or tightness in the skin. This can be due to a liver disease sometimes or seldom even from cancer. Check for other signs of liver failure or hepatitis, including yellowing of the skin (jaundice), changes in the white color of your eyes or pain in the abdomen.


Ever notice the day after you’ve been eating salted foods that you become dehydrated and bloated as a result? It may seem counterproductive, however the more water you drink (or consume in water-heavy foods) and much better you remain hydrated, the less bloating you’re most likely to handle. Dehydration and electrolyte imbalances both stop food digestion and make it hard to “remain routine.”

When your body attempts to recover from you being dehydrated, it hangs on to excess water to avoid the circumstance from occurring once again– plus you might discover yourself ending up being constipated. This indicates when you do finally drink more fluids, you’re most likely to store them around your midsection and feel additional puffy.


This might be the most obvious factor you have a bloated stomach– you need to go to the restroom! Constipation can cause stool to remain in the intestinal tracts, leaving you with a hard-feeling stomach, pain, discomfort and gas. The biggest reasons for constipation include eating too little fiber, not consuming enough water, being too sedentary/avoiding exercise and stress.

Food Allergies or Sensitivities

Typically, food allergies, sensitives or intolerances (like lactose intolerance) prevail factors for gas and bloating. The foods that cause gas include dairy products, gluten-containing foods (many bread, pasta, rolls, cereals, etc.) and certain sort of carbs called FODMAPs.

There are lots of other possible food allergies (like shellfish, nuts, eggs), however you’re most likely to understand if this is what you’re responding to because symptoms are usually more noticeable. FODMAPs can be difficult to eliminate, given that there are a lot of various kinds and everyone is special in terms of tolerability. An elimination diet can help you pinpoint which foods might cause bloating (like apples or avocados, for example) due to the fact that they’re not being effectively broken down and digested.

Small Digestive Tract Bacterial Overgrowth

Small digestive tract bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is caused by high levels of abnormal bacteria residing in the digestive tract, generally in the bowel (dysbacteriosis), where they can build up after taking antibiotics or due to inflammation and bad food digestion.

Typically, different stress of bacteria are in correct balance in the colon, which assists with absorption of important nutrients, but when hazardous bacteria invade and take over, damage of the stomach lining can happen together with various symptoms. Some foods can triggering SIBO symptoms and associated level of sensitivities in the digestive tract, consisting of FODMAPS in the some cases that can ferment unusually during digestion.


You can end up being bloated and swollen if you’re handling an infection due to the fact that this activates inflammation levels to increase, caused by an elevated white blood cell count around the pelvic, urinary and intestinal organs. Check for signs of a fever, redness and pain, and swollen lymph nodes, which typically accompany a serious infection.

Bowel obstruction

Often a seriously bloated stomach — in addition to constipation, queasiness and vomiting– is due to a bowel obstruction, which is caused by scar tissue or a tumor. When these grow and press against the bowel, the bowels end up being obstructed and keep in fluid and stool. You’ll likely know this is what you’re dealing with since it’s generally extremely painful and stops you from going to the restroom generally.

Hormonal changes

PMS is understood to cause a bloated stomach and digestive issues, given that it makes you prone to constipation and fluid retention. This prevails and not excessive of an issue unless you discover other serious symptoms like an irregular menstruation, fibroids or severe cramping. Having a bloated stomach before or during your period can change depending upon your cycle, and some women experience severe water retention for up to two weeks.

Why do women experience bloating before, during and after their menstruations? During the early days of a women’s cycle, often called the follicular stage, estrogen levels rise while the uterine lining thickens, plus bloating can also become more powerful as ovulation occurs and more fluids and blood develop. Typically when a woman has her period, she experiences shedding of the excess fluid, tissue and blood, which typically leads to the bloating disappearing.


While it’s not the cause of many people’s bloating, one sign of cancer in the colon or uterine is bloating. This is why it’s essential to speak with a doctor if you’ve tried all other methods of lowering bloating and digestive problems however still cannot appear to identify what’s triggering your symptoms.


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