Most common types of cancers

What types of cancer are most common in medical practice? What types of cancer do people die from more often? Here are the 5 most common types of cancer in recent years.

Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the most common cause of cancer deaths in both men and women. In 2017, 1.8 million people were diagnosed with lung cancer, and 1.6 million people died from the disease. 

Most Common Types of Cancers

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Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in both men and women. According to the American Cancer Society, lung cancer kills about 160 people per day across the United States. Lung cancer is caused by inhaling carcinogens that damage cells in the lungs. The risk factors for developing lung cancer include smoking tobacco products, exposure to radon gas, asbestos, and chemical toxins.

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Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed type of cancer for males in the United States. In 2012 alone, prostate cancer was responsible for nearly 29,000 deaths. The incidence rate for prostate cancer is higher than any other kind of cancer among males. Risk factors for developing prostate cancer include age (over 50), family history, race/ethnicity, and lifestyle choices including diet, physical activity, weight, and alcohol consumption.

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Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among females in the United States. More than 200,000 cases of breast cancer were diagnosed in 2013 alone. Symptoms of breast cancer may include pain, swelling, nipple discharge, skin changes, lumps, or thickening of the breast tissue. Women who have had at least one full-term pregnancy before the age of 30 have a greater chance of developing breast cancer. Other risk factors include early menarche, late menopause, obesity, lack of exercise, radiation exposure, genetic mutations, and certain medical conditions.

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Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide. In the United States alone, over 135,000 people died of colorectal cancer in 2014. The primary causes of colorectal cancers are environmental factors, genetics, and lifestyle choices. Environmental risk factors include eating red meat, processed meats, high-fat dairy, fried foods, refined grains, and alcohol. Genetic risk factors include having no first-degree relatives with colon cancer, being older than 60 years old, not exercising regularly, and being overweight. Lifestyle choices include consuming tobacco products, drinking alcohol, and using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

More information about cancer stats here.

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer among all ages. The number of new cases of melanoma in the United States increased by about 40% between 2001 and 2011. Melanomas are generally treated with surgery, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. Other types of skin cancer include basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and Kaposi’s sarcoma.

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