What is thigh pain? Thigh pain is any type of pain or discomfort impacting the area extending from the hips to the knee. Your thighs provide structural assistance and make it possible for motion, and are comprised of bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, and blood vessels.
Thigh muscles provide movement and tendons anchor your thigh muscles to the bones of the pelvis and lower leg. Ligaments hold the thigh bone (femur) together with the pelvis and the lower leg bones to create the hip and knee joints. Nerves control feeling and movement, and capillary make sure constant blood flow to and from the thighs. Any of the structures of the thighs undergo injury, infection, diseases, or other conditions that can produce pain.
Thigh pain can develop unexpectedly or slowly. Thigh pain may feel dull and throbbing, throbbing, piercing, or tingling. You may likewise experience paresthesias, pain-like feelings typically described as pins and needles or burning. Thigh pain might be just irritating and unpleasant or be so devastating that you can not put weight on your leg or walk.
Thigh pain can be triggered by a really wide range of conditions, consisting of regular development and aging. Thigh pain brought on by a small muscle strain or contusion may be managed with home treatments, such as rest, ice, elevation of the leg, and painkiller.
In some cases, thigh pain may be triggered by a severe or deadly condition, such as deep vein apoplexy, bone fracture, or hip dislocation. Look for immediate treatment (call 911) if you, or somebody you are with, have problem moving the leg or walking; defect of the knee, thigh or hip; severe pain; sudden swelling or color changes in the thigh; or uncontrolled bleeding from a thigh injury.
What other symptoms might accompany thigh pain?
Thigh pain can establish together with other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, condition or condition. Additional symptoms can include other body systems or areas, such as the cardiovascular and neurological systems. Other symptoms that might accompany thigh pain consist of:
- Bruising, laceration or abrasion.
- Burning or prickling sensation.
- Change in gait such as hopping.
- Flu-like symptoms (tiredness, fever, sore throat, headache, cough, aches and pains).
- Joint pain.
- Muscle convulsions.
- Minimized variety of movement.
- Tingling, pain, or other abnormal feelings in the toes.
Symptoms that might suggest a major or life-threatening condition
In many cases, thigh pain may occur with other symptoms that might indicate a severe or dangerous condition, such as deep vein apoplexy, which is a blood clot in the leg that can take a trip to the lungs and cause a deadly lung embolism. Other severe conditions include a fracture or infection. Seek immediate medical care (call 911) if you, or someone you are with, have other major symptoms, with or without thigh pain, including:
- Modification in consciousness or alertness such as fainting.
- Chest pain.
- Problem breathing, wheezing, or shortness of breath.
- Discolored, uncommonly light, or cold leg.
- Failure to walk or put weight on your leg.
- Popping sound sometimes of injury.
- Red, warm and swollen calf or leg.
- Severe pain.
- Severe swelling or deformity of the knee, thigh or hip.
What causes thigh pain?
There are a variety of conditions that can cause thigh pain. For instance, thigh pain can be brought on by exercise, injury, or age-related wear and tear on the hips and knees, which may cause pain or pain in the thigh area near the joint. Thigh pain can likewise be triggered by infections along with illness and conditions that affect numerous body systems or areas, such as diabetes or peripheral artery disease (PAD).
Injury and injury-related causes of thigh pain.
Thigh pain may be triggered by injuries and other trauma including:
- Bone fracture (damaged bone) or dislocation, particularly of the hip or thigh bone (thigh).
- Groin pull or strain.
- Laceration, abrasion or contusion of the thigh.
- Ligament sprains and tears, particularly of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial security ligament (MCL) of the knees, which ensure leg and knee stability. Sprains and tears may cause pain or pain in the thigh area near the joint.
- Meniscus tear (tear in the shock-absorbing cartilage of the knee).
- Muscle cramp (charley horse), typically triggered by dehydration or overuse.
- Stretched or pulled thigh muscles, such as a hamstring or quadriceps muscle strain.
- Tendinitis (inflammation or irritation of tendons due to overuse or injury).
Transmittable causes of thigh pain
Thigh pain can be caused by different infections consisting of:
- Cellulitis (invasive infection of the skin and surrounding tissues).
- Infection of an injury or sore.
- Infection of the knee or hip, which can lead to septic arthritis and trigger pain in the joint that radiates to the thigh area.
- Osteomyelitis (bone infection).
Neurological causes of thigh pain
Thigh pain can be triggered by neurological conditions that trigger inflammation, entrapment, compression, or damage to the nerves including:
- Peripheral neuropathy (condition that causes damage and dysfunction of nerves that lie outside your brain and spine) and diabetic neuropathy (neuropathy caused by long-lasting diabetes).
- Piriformis syndrome (buttock muscle compressing or aggravating the sciatic nerve that causes pain, tingling or numbness down the leg).
- Sciatica (compression, injury or swelling of the sciatic nerve that causes burning or shooting pain ranging from the butts down the back of the leg).
Other causes of thigh pain
Thigh pain can be due to other causes including:
- Compartment syndrome (pressure within muscles constructs to unsafe levels, minimizing important blood flow to nerve and muscle cells).
- Deep vein thrombosis (blood clot in the leg that can break out from the leg, causing a pulmonary embolism in the lung, a cardiovascular disease, or stroke).
- Fibromyalgia (persistent condition triggering extensive muscular pain, tightness and inflammation).
- Peripheral artery disease (PAD, likewise called peripheral vascular disease, or PVD, which is a constricting of arteries due to an accumulation of fat and cholesterol on the walls of arteries, which limits blood circulation to the extremities).
- Restless legs syndrome (RLS; a movement condition identified by a powerful desire to move your legs, particularly when resting or sitting).
- Varicose veins.
What are the prospective issues of thigh pain?
Issues of thigh pain can vary depending upon the underlying cause. Pain due to a minor condition, such as a moderate muscle strain or contusion, usually responds to rest, ice, and non-prescription anti-inflammatory medications. Nevertheless, some underlying causes of thigh pain, such as diabetic neuropathy and peripheral artery disease, can cause serious and potentially dangerous complications consisting of:
- Chronic pain.
- Trouble walking.
- Loss of hip or knee joint movement.
- Permanent nerve damage.
- Poor quality of life.
- Pulmonary embolism related to deep vein apoplexy.
- Spread of infection and major infections, such as gangrene, which can cause amputation.
- Weak point or paralysis.
It is very important to call your health care service provider when you have persistent pain or other unusual symptoms. Once the underlying cause is identified, following the treatment strategy described by your health care provider can decrease your risk of issues.
What is the treatment of skeletal muscle cramps?
Many cramps can be stopped if the muscle can be extended. For lots of cramps of the feet and legs, this stretching can typically be accomplished by standing and walking around. For a calf muscle cramp, the individual can stand about 2 to 2.5 feet from a wall (potentially further for a tall person) and lean into the wall to place the lower arms versus the wall with the knees and back straight and the heels in contact with the floor. (It is best to learn this maneuver at a time when you don’t have the cramp).
Another method includes bending the ankle by pulling the toes up toward the head while still lying in bed with the leg as straight as possible. For writer’s cramp (contractures in the hand), pressing the hand on a wall with the fingers facing down will extend the cramping finger flexor muscles.
Carefully massaging the muscle will typically help it to unwind, as will applying warmth from a heating pad or hot soak. If the cramp is associated with fluid loss, as is typically the case with vigorous physical activity, fluid and electrolyte (specifically sodium and potassium) replacement is vital. Medicines usually are not had to treat a regular cramp that is active since a lot of cramps go away spontaneously in the past adequate medicine would be taken in to even have an impact.
What types of doctors treat muscle cramps?
Due to the fact that there are many various causes and types of muscle cramps, many different medical professionals might be associated with their treatment. Most frequently, patients would consult their primary-care service provider, including professionals in internal medication or family medication.
If the cramps are the result of an unexpected injury or health problem, emergency-medicine professionals would treat the patient. Cramps due to specific medical conditions might be treated by various professionals, consisting of neurologists, orthopedists, nephrologists, endocrinologists, cardiologists, sports-medicine professionals, physiatrists, or cosmetic surgeons.
Muscle relaxant medications might be used over the short-term in specific circumstances to unwind muscle cramps due to an injury or other temporary occasion. These medications include cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril), orphenadrine (Norflex), and baclofen (Lioresal).
Over the last few years, injections of healing dosages of botulism toxic substance (Botox) have been used effectively for some dystonic muscle conditions that are localized to a limited group of muscles. A great reaction may last several months or more, and the injection might then be duplicated.
The treatment of cramps that are associated with particular medical conditions normally focuses on treating the underlying condition. In some cases, additional medications particularly for cramps are recommended with certain of these conditions.
Naturally, if cramps are severe, frequent, relentless, react badly to easy treatments, or are not associated with an obvious cause, then the patient and the doctor have to consider the possibility that more intensive treatment is suggested or that the cramps are a manifestation of another disease.
As explained above, the possibilities are extremely diverse and include problems with circulation, nerves, metabolism, hormones, medications, and nutrition. It is unusual for muscle cramps to take place as the result of a medical condition without other obvious signs that the medical condition exists.
Cramps are inescapable, however if possible, it would be best to prevent them.