What Causes Swollen Finger Joints?

swollen fingers, swollen joints

Swollen finger joints can occur for different reasons. Joint swelling with a pain is a result of joint inflammation (arthritis) that may take place in the joints of the finger bones.

This can in some cases be accompanied by inflammation, swelling, heat of the joints, or aching fingers. Both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) typically impact joints of the fingers.

Causes of Swollen Finger Joints

A swollen joint is a sign of the following health conditions:

Osteoarthritis (OA)

OA is the “wear-and-tear” arthritis that generally happens with aging or after injury. With OA, there’s a wearing down of the cartilage that cushions completions of the bones. OA may cause joint swelling in those joints that bear weight over a life time, such as knees, hips, feet, and spine. Other than for the pain in the affected swollen joint, you usually do not feel ill or exhausted.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

RA is an inflammatory arthritis that can happen at any age – even in kids. RA triggers painful, stiff, and swollen joints. Generally, RA affects hands, feet, and knees, but it can likewise impact most joints and other parts of the body. RA symptoms can hinder day-to-day activities.


Gouty arthritis normally strikes suddenly, with extreme joint pain, swelling, warmth, and inflammation, frequently in the huge toe (about 50% of cases). Gout triggers a painful, swollen joint that’s so extreme that the weight of bed sheets can cause distress. It usually involves one joint when it strikes, but periodically gout can impact more than one joint.

With gout, uric acid – a normal chemical in the body – types crystals that deposit in the joints, triggering inflammation and pain. The crystals might likewise transfer in other areas to become blemishes under the skin or stones in the kidney. You can read about how to prevent gout at this link.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

The key feature of this is the participation of the joints at the base of the spine where the spine signs up with the hips, called the sacroiliac joints.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is an inflammatory joint disease that’s linked with psoriasis, a skin problem. Approximately 30% of people with psoriasis will establish psoriatic arthritis.

Contagious Arthritis

Contagious arthritis or septic arthritis is the outcome of a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection in the tissues and fluid of a joint. Joint infection normally happens after a previous infection in the body. The infection travels to the joint via the bloodstream from another part of the body, such as an individual’s skin, nose, throat, ears, or an existing injury. Within hours to days, pain, inflammation, swollen joints, and fever establish. The joints most commonly affected with contagious arthritis are the knee, hip, shoulder, ankle, and wrists. Damaged joints are more vulnerable to infection.

Typical bacterial causes of contagious arthritis include Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Staphylococcus aureus. Some joint infections may be brought on by more than one organism.

Joint Injuries

Joint injuries can result in painful, swollen joints, and tightness. In some cases, joint pain can be caused by injured or torn muscles, tendons, and ligaments surrounding the joint, bursitis, tendonitis, dislocations, pressures, sprains, and fractures.

Pain in Finger Joint When Pressed

Often, you have pain in your finger joint that is most noticeable when you press it. If pressure magnifies the discomfort, the joint pain might be more troublesome than originally thought and might need particular treatment.

Common causes of finger joint pain include the following conditions:

Sprain or Strain

Finger sprains or pressures are common. A sprain happens when your finger ligaments become stretched or torn. A stress happens when your muscle or tendon ends up being stretched. These can take place throughout a sport, a fall, lifting something in an awkward method, and other activities. Symptoms consist of joint pain and swelling.

Dislocated Joint

A dislocated finger joint takes place when the bones are no longer in the right position. The bones will need to be put back into place by a medical professional.

Fractures or Breaks

Fractures and breaks impact the finger bone itself. If a fracture or a break occurs near a finger joint, pain can happen when using or continuing your fingers. Symptoms include joint pain, numbness, and restricted movement.


Arthritis typically impacts the hands and fingers. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a typical type of arthritis that causes symptoms such as misshapen finger joints, pain, and stiffness.


Bone metastases are growths that occur when cancer cells spread out into bone tissue. These are unusual and normally take place in cancer patients. Symptoms include bone pain and weakness in limbs.

Treatment Options for Swollen Finger Joints

If you have swollen finger joints (with or without pain) will be important in assisting your medical professional select the type and degree of arthritis (or other condition triggers the issue). Before going to the doctor, monitor your symptoms for a couple of weeks, noting what is swollen and stiff, when, for how long, and what helps alleviate the symptoms.

If the medical professional presumes arthritis, they will carry out tests to inspect the series of motion in your joints, asking you to move the joint backward and forward. The doctor may likewise examine passive range of movement by moving the joint for you. Any pain throughout a variety of movement test is a possible sign of arthritis.

Dealing with swelling and tightness can involve medicine, both prescription or non-prescription, and other methods. Follow your doctor’s directions, however here is some general suggestions:

Without Medicines

Applying heat or cold to impacted joints is among the simplest methods to ease arthritis pain and tightness on a short-term basis. Heat unwinds muscles and increases blood circulation in particular areas. Some examples of heat are hot packs, heating pads, heated pools, and warm showers.

Cold lowers swelling and numbs the nerves that identify pain. Some examples of cold are ice packs or cold packs such as frozen veggies.

You can decide whether warm or cold works best for you by trying them both. Do what is most comfy since your convenience plays an essential function in keeping your pain at a low level.

Neither heat nor cold needs to be obtained more than 20 minutes, and skin must be permitted to return to its normal temperature between applications. It’s likewise always a good concept to cover the things you’re utilizing with a towel to help protect your skin.

Using Over-the-Counter Medicines

Acetaminophen is an aspirin-free pain reliever. It helps in reducing pain however has little result on inflammation. Lots of healthcare providers consider aspirin-free painkiller the favored first choice in treating mild to moderate arthritis.

Another type of oral medication is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS),. These help in reducing both pain and joint swelling. NSAIDS might cause stomach problems and other complications. Some are readily available only by prescription. Some examples are: Aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen sodium.

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