Bitter Gourd in Pregnancy

Raw bitter gourd

Did you understand that bitter gourd or karela is not actually a veggie however a fruit? The part of the plant that is used for usage and for various medicinal functions is the fruit of the bitter squash. 

Bitter gourd juice contains a train of crucial nutrients ranging from iron, magnesium and vitamin to potassium and vitamin C. An exceptional source of dietary fiber, it also includes two times the calcium of spinach, beta-carotene of broccoli, and the potassium of a banana.

A fast idea to reduce the bitterness of the drink is to add some honey or jaggery to it or combine it with sweet fruits like apple or pears. You can even include lemon juice to minimize the severe taste of bitter melon juice. A pinch of black pepper and ginger can also reduce the tartness. The taste nevertheless, needs to be established since contrary to its name bitter gourd remains in truth sweet for your health.

However these pungent vegetables can often cause uterine bleeding and other side effects during pregnancy. Provided listed below are some advantages and threats of eating bitter gourd in pregnancy.

Raw bitter gourdBenefits of Eating Bitter Gourd in Pregnancy

Helps in keeping blood glucose levels

Bitter gourd contains an insulin-like compound called polypeptide-p or p-insulin which has actually been shown to control diabetes naturally.

According to a 2011 research study, published in the Journal Ethnopharmacolgy, a four-week scientific trial revealed that 2,000 mg of bitter melon when handled routine basis decreased the blood glucose level considerably in the patients experiencing type-2 diabetes.

Research studies have shown that this plant-based insulin in bitter gourd helps patients with type-1 diabetes too. Another report issued in the Journal of Chemistry & Biology, offered evidence relating to the fact that bitter melon increases the uptake of glucose and improves glycemic control.

People experiencing diabetes taking hypoglycaemic drugs might even be required to change the dosage of their drugs if they consume bitter melon juice day-to-day and speak with a doctor before doing so.

Bitter gourd has anti-diabetic properties and you need to consume it every day. The nutrients like charantin and polypeptide help in battling the gestational diabetes in pregnancy.

Bitter Gourd with High Folate Content

Folate is a vital requirement for pregnant women. This mineral helps in keeping the brand-new born safe from the possible neural tube problems. Bitter gourd includes a very high amount of folate. It includes one quarter of the daily requirement of this mineral in pregnant women.

Help Digestive System Naturally

The two crucial problems dealt with by most of the pregnant women around the world are constipation and haemorrhoids. The fiber content of bitter gourd helps in minimizing these problems.


Bitter gourd consists of vitamin C which is an antioxidant and helps the pregnant women battle against hazardous bacteria. It also helps in developing the immunity of the anticipating moms.

Great Source of Minerals and Vitamins Needed By The Foetus

Bitter gourd is a great source of some minerals and vitamins. It includes Iron, Niacin, potassium, pantothenic acid, zinc, pyridoxine, magnesium and manganese. It can easily be called a very vegetable as it plays an important function in the growth of the fetus.

This vegetable likewise consists of other vitamins and minerals like riboflavin, thiamine, Vitamin B1, B2, B3 etc. and it is a rich source of calcium and beta carotene.

Bitter Gourd with High Fiber Content

This veggie is packed with fiber and it offers you a sense of complete satisfaction. It reduces your food yearnings for high-calorie food or processed food. This vegetable helps you stay slim even in pregnancy.

A dish of bitter gourdSide Effects of Bitter Gourd in Pregnancy

All of us know why we hate bitter gourds, also called ‘karela’. Bitter gourd, also referred to as karela or bitter melon, is much like other food  and has its own set of side effects.

Bitter gourd includes alkaline parts like resins, quinine and saponic glycosides. These are some of the substances that spread toxicity in the human body. This toxicity can cause stomach pain, queasiness, and dimness of vision, vomiting, soreness on face, diarrhoea, severe salivation and weakness of the muscles in pregnant women.

Diarrhoea, cramps in abdomen and other stomach problems can take place if a pregnant woman consumes bitter gourd in excess.

The seeds of bitter gourd consist of vicine that can cause symptoms of favism in some sensitive beings. The red arils discovered in the seed are hazardous for children. For that reason, this is not a preferred vegetable for pregnant women.

Bitter gourd can likewise result in some frustrating uterine activities that can really result in a pre-term labor in many women.

Can Stimulate Miscarriage

Bitter gourds, if taken in extreme amounts can turn out to be a headache for pregnant women. Bitter gourds are infamous for causing emmenagogue and abortifacient effects.

Bitter gourds can also activate contractions. And for breast feeding women, it is best to prevent bitter gourd. This is since though there isn’t really any clinical support which says bitter gourds are bad for nursing women, its adverse results on pregnant women may have comparable effects on lactating women.

Drug Interactions

It is actually stunning to understand vegetables like bitter gourd which are known for their healing properties, may even come in the way of drugs. However this is the truth. Integrating bitter gourds with standard drugs can reduce blood glucose levels steeply. This might possibly result in precariously low blood sugar level levels.

Hence diabetic patients who are under medication must consult their medical professionals prior to taking in bitter gourds.

Can Cause Irregular Heart Rhythm

In 2010, a study published in ‘The Annals of Saudi Medicine’ revealed something new. A 22 years of age male with no heart rhythm irregularities established related symptoms when he consumed half a cup of bitter gourd juice prior to the admission.

When the heart rhythm gets irregular, it causes the pooling of the blood in one side of the heart. This can result in the platelets forming embolisms in the swimming pool, thus triggering stroke or cardiac arrest.

It has actually been reported that red arils may be poisonous to children. They might cause vomiting and diarrhoea. So if your child dislikes bitter gourds, it is much better to prevent giving them the veggie.

Hypoglycaemic Coma

Hypoglycaemic coma is a condition of coma which is caused due to extreme doses of injected insulin. This might result in severe decrease in blood glucose levels. There are case reports which recommend the onset of hypoglycaemic coma and the start of atrial fibrillation (unusual heart rhythm) with the consumption of bitter gourds.

Might Affect the Liver

You might question what the connection is in between liver and bitter gourd. Though this may appear a bit illogical, evidence exists. Intake of bitter gourds for prolonged periods of time to manage diabetes may in fact induce liver inflammation.

Bitter gourds don’t straight harm the liver. Long term use of bitter gourds can elevate liver enzymes and lead to a condition called atherosclerosis.

Some of the points, or maybe all these side effects of bitter gourd sound new and astounding to you. It’s natural. Though it is exceptionally useful in a lot of ways, its over consumption can lead to complications.

Bitter gourd in pregnancyHealth Tips

Bitter gourd is likewise known as balsam pear or bitter melon throughout the world. This medium-sized vegetable has an unique bitter taste however is considered a very important addition in one’s diet due to its incredible properties as a natural medication.

But there has constantly been a doubt if bitter gourd, like lots of other veggies or fruits like papaya or pineapple, is safe during pregnancy. Over the ages, there has been a debate over the side effects connected to eating bitter gourd in pregnancy. The properties of bitter gourd indicate a certain development of health, if it is routinely consumed.

Bitter gourd if eaten for the very first time can cause cramps in abdomen, gastritis, and other such stomach associated diseases. Considered good or bad for any typical diet. However pregnancy is a time which is unique. Pregnant women need to constantly consult their gynecologist before choosing their diet, specifically when including a product they have not consumed prior to.

It’s constantly best to keep the safe side of diets and eat carefully. So you have never attempted eating bitter gourd before, don’t attempt eating bitter gourd in pregnancy. Have a safe and healthy pregnancy.

Good luck! Have a nice weekend!


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